Tacitus' Political Dictionary → Republic


Speaking broadly, a country in which political power is claimed to be vested directly in the people, as opposed to an unelected monarch or dictator.

In a republic, power is usually obtained via democracy, through free elections, though this is not always the case. Historically, not all republics have been free and democratic states; many were oligarchies in which only a small percentage of the overall population had the right to vote.